10 years of “Sacral”

The immediate reality of the idea

Exhibition in FUGA Budapest Center for Architecture.

Opening ceremony: 15th September 2011. Thursday 18 hrs

Opening speech: Ferenc CSÁGOLY Doctor of Liberal Arts, member of Hungarian Academy of Sciences

Can be visited: from September 16. to September 29. 2011. in opening hours 11-19 hrs

Exhibitors: students of courses “Architecture of Sacral Spaces I-II.”, BUTE Department for History of Architecture

Curator: Zorán VUKOSZÁVLYEV PhD

Summarizing exhibition of 10 years of student-works of “Sacred Spaces” course of Department for History of Architecture. Different methods of analysis will be presented based on the methodology described in the definitions of contemporary religious architecture. A decade of intellectual legacy of Tamás Guzsik is being extracted through the sacred works of architecture students: modeling the sacral through immediate reality of the idea.

At all times, the most significant creations of historical architecture were sacral buildings, churches and sanctuaries. ‘The more than two thousand year old Christian culture has created a varied richness of church architecture in Europe as well as all over the other continents: the most typical work of all kind of styles is “the house of God”. In relation with time and location, these buildings are rather different not only in their style and appearance but also in their arrangement and space-connections. Even people who have some kind of architectural knowledge can be confused by this diversity.’ Beside the architecture of Christian churches, which describe European culture the most adequately, these contemporary tendencies can be traced in the architectural appearance of other religions of the world as well. This type – being the noblest among buildings – is more and more dominantly characterized by the form treasury being reduced for the sake of being immersed, by the materialness for the sake of acceptability and by the symbolic stresses being used for clear understanding.

Our architectural studio offers an alternative against the method of designing in “unreal” situations. Our course small in number provides the “reality” of a two-semester work and it is finished in a workshop. The task of the first semester is the analysis of specific building types. This introductory course is finished with an ideal-design, however it is not judged primarily by architectural aspects but by the relations between function – space form – mass. The second semester starts with the analysis of construction aspects; there the definite situation generated by the location is discussed in a complex approach through the elements of material, space and composition. We deal with adaptation by planning a object designed for a specific site. The scale of the work allows us to make microanalysis on the “object trouvé” of the site. The demand for the plan is definable in one sentence: the aim is to create a building in which the dominance of material prevails; instead of the usual architectural approach understanding it as if it had been constructed by ourselves. This need for the “self-made” draws the plan into reality; the speculation on the way of construction attaches the spiritual idea to the real material without any transmission. In the discussion-model architect opponents express their opinion on the design-process, but what is even more important that in very early stage the students can conciliate with the representatives of the community with the help of a 1:10 – 1:4 scale model. The direct relation is getting emphasized in the end of the two-semester course, when an object of a common consensus is being built on the site in 1:1 scale for its function – as the immediate reality of the idea. (z)

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